Reference




General Reference | Arts & Entertainment | Humanities | Literature | Music | Almanac | Archives | Biographies | Books | Calculators | Calendars & Time | Dictionaries & Thesaurus | Country Profiles | Flags | Maps | Education | Encyclopedia | Food | Government | Weapons | Politics | Think Tanks | International Relations | Foreign Government | International Law | International Organizations | Intelligence Agencies | Grammar | Writing & Style | Speech | Law | Languages | Libraries | Science & Technology | Math Reference | Computers | Internet | Search | Meta Search Engines | Image Search Engines | Reference & Subject Directories | Sports | Statistics | Traffic | Travel | Weather


Reference Directories
Cyberstacks
Digital Librarian
DMOZ Directory
Martindale's The Reference Desk
Megasources: Information for Journalists and Researchers
Reference Works
Refseek
Ready Reference Sites
Search Systems (searchable public record databases)
Social Sciences Research Resources
Spire Project, The
THOR: The Virtual Reference Desk (Purdue University Libraries)
TopReference
The Virtual Reference Desk

General Reference
Electronic Reference Shelf (Butler Library-Columbia University)
eHow
EveryRule.com
HowStuffWorks
IPL
Learn2.com
NY Times Navigator
Refdesk.com
iTools
Symbols.com
Virtual Reference Desk

Arts & Entertainment

Art Dictionaries & Glossaries
Artlex (Visual Arts Dictionary)
Art Movements and Periods
Grove Dictionary of Art Online (Subscription)
Words of Art (Glossary)

Art Libraries
Art Libraries Society of North America (ARLIS/NA)
Columbia University - Avery Architecture and Fine Arts Library
National Art Library, Victoria and Albert Museum, UK
State Russian Museum Art Library -
UCLA Arts Library
University of California, Santa Barbara - Arts Library
University of Massachusetts Boston - Healey Library
University of Southern California

Musuems: Directories
International Council of Museums (ICOM)
Musée (Directory)
Museum Ticketing Network
MuseumSpot.com
WebExhibits Catalogue

Humanities
The CUNY Digital Humanities Resource Guide
Humanities Division (University of Chicago)
EDSITEment | The Best of the Humanities on the Web

Literature
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature
A Glossary of Literary Terms
A Handbook of Rhetorical Devices
Literary Encyclopedia

Music
All Music Guide (AMG)
Classical Music Dictionary -
Common Music Dictionary (Stanford)
Online Music Dictionary
Amazing Discographies
Discogs
WWW Music Database [uit.no]
Columbia University Music Library
Massachusetts Institute of Technology - Lewis Music Library
Music Library Of Greece
Library of Congress - Recorded Sound Reference Center
Royal College of Music Library
Stanford Music Library
University of California at Berkeley Music Library
Wellesley College Music Library

Almanac
refdesk.com
Old Farmer's Almanac
Computer Almanac - Numbers About Computers

Archives
Archives in the World
Internet Archive Wayback Machine
American Library Association Archives
US National Archives and Records Administration
The Code of Federal Regulations
USPTO Web Patent Databases
The National Security Archive
The Bureau of Transportation Statistics, US DOT
United States Treasury Historical Archive
National Archives of Canada - Archives nationales du Canada
French Archives
European Archival Network
The National Archives (UK)

Biographies
Biography.com Search
Biography Center
Lives Biography Resource
NASA Astronaut Biographies

Books
Barttleby (Online Books)
Readers Read (Links & Reviews)
ISBN Tools
The New York Times: Books
The On-line Books Page
Open Library
Resource Central (Books Online)
Amazon

Calculators
Calculators On-Line Center
Online Calculators, Conversion Tools, Measurements & Weights
Distance Calculator
MegaConverter 2
File download time calculator

Calendars & Time

Calendars
Calendar Converter (Fourmilab)
Calendars through the Ages
Calendars and Their History
Data Services (U.S. Naval Observatory)
Earth Calendar
Famous Birthdays
Federal Holidays (USNO)
timeanddate.com's Calendar Page
World Wide Holiday and Festival Page

History
HistoryNet
History News Network
HistoryWorld
Internet History Sourcebooks Project
IPL
Vlib.us
World Wide Web Virtual Library: History

Today in History
Associated Press
BBC on this Day
History Channel
Infoplease.com
Library of Congress
Life Magazine Cover
Today in Film History (IMDB)
Today's Birthdays

Time
Greenwich Time
Horology
Horological Links
The Official U.S. Time
Today Date and Time
The World Clock - Time Zones
Worldtime
World Time Server
World Time Zone Map (U.S. Naval Observatory)
Worldwide daylight saving
When Do You Want To Go Today?

Clocks & Countdowns
Astronomical Clocks (USNO)
Internet Clocks, Counters, and Countdowns
The Original Doomsday Clock (The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist)
U.S. National Debt Clock
U.S. Census Bureau POPClocks

Conversion Tables
Online Conversions
Convert It
Convert-me.Com
MegaConverter

Dictionaries & Thesaurus
Dictionary.com
Merriam-Webster Dictionary
OneLook Dictionaries
Oxford Reference Online
The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language
ROGET'S Thesaurus
Thesaurus.com: Roget's Thesaurus
yourDictionary

Language Dictionaries
DictSearch
Language Dictionaries and Tutorials (from the Human Languages Page)
Logos
xlation.com
yourDictionary-Marvelous

Topical Dictionaries
The Grove Art Dictionary
Biographical Dictionary
Ballet Dictionary
BioTech's Life Science Dictionary
Chemistry & Environmental Dictionary
Cognitive Science Dictionary
Dictionary of Computing
High- Tech Dictionary
Dictionary of Financial Terms
Financial Glossary
Law Dictionary
On-line Medical Dictionary
MEDLINEplus Dictionaries (National Library of Medicine)
Dictionary of Science and Technology
The Skeptic's Dictionary
The American Sign Language Dictionary
Weather Dictionary
Weather Glossary
Specialty Dictionaries (yourDictionary.com)
The Glossarist (Directory of glossaries and topical dictionaries)

Country Profiles
CIA World Factbook
CountryWatch.com:Website to The World
Countryreport.org
InfoNation
Geographic.org
Global Statistics
National Geographic Map Machine
U.S. State Department: Country Profiles
U.S. Library of Congress Country Studies
Worldinformation
World Public Holidays Database

Flags
Flags of the World
World Flag Database

Maps
Maps: UT Library
Map-Related Web Sites (University of Texas)
Terra Server (Satellite Imagery Database)
DeLorme CyberAtlas
MapQuest
Yahoo: Maps & Driving Direction.

Education
Best Colleges (US.News & World Report)
College and University Rankings (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
Center for All Collegiate Information
College and University Home Pages
CollegeSource Online
College Board Online
Edinformatics
Education - WWW Virtual Library
EduHound (Education Database)
Guardian Unlimited: School Links
International WWW School Registry
Internet Scout Project
The Library in the Sky
TheCenter Research Universities Ranking
U.S. Universities by State (University of Texas at Austin)
Study Abroad Programs
Universities Worldwide-Links to 6155 Universities in 167 countries

Encyclopedia
Encyclopaedia Britannica Online (Subscription)
Encarta Reference
Encyclopedia.com
Encyclopedia Smithsonian
Information Please
World Book Encyclopedia

Encyclopedia: Topical
Encyclopedia Astronautica
Encyclopedia of British History: 1700-1950
The Cambridge History of English and American Literature
Canadian Encyclopedia Online
The Catholic Encyclopedia
HealthCentral
Internet Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia of Law and Economics
Literary Encyclopedia
The Mathematical Atlas: A Gateway to Modern Mathematics
Encyclopedia Mythica
Encyclopaedia of the Orient
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Encyclopedia of Psychology
TechEncyclopedia
Weather Encyclopedia

Food
AllRecipes.com
BBC: Food
Epicurious
Food Resource (Oregon State University)
National Food Safety Database
Nutrition Navigator (Tufts University)

Government
Bureau of Census
Bureau of Labor Statistics
Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)
Congressional Research Service
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
FBI
Federal Reserve
Federal Reserve Districts and Banks-Directory of the twelve Federal Reserve district sites.
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Justice
Department of Treasury
FedWorld Information Network Home Page
FedStats
FedWorld (NTIS gateway to many government sites)
FirstGov: Business & Economy Links-FirstGov, the official site for US Government information.
GovSpot (Jobs,Benifits, etc.)
Internal Revenue Service (IRS)
National Archives and Records Administration
National Intelligence Council
Securities Exchange Commission
Small Business Administration
Patents and Trademarks Office
Printing Office (Database List)
Supreme Court of the United States
Welcome to the White House
Bureau of International Information Programs
Link to State Government Sites
Government Resources (Links to all Agencies)

Government: Military
Air Force Link
United States Army
United States Marine Corps
The United States Navy
United States Coast Guard
United States National Guard

Unified Commands
U.S. Department of Defense - DefenseLINK
Joint Chiefs of Staff
United States Central Command
United States Special Operations Command
United States Strategic Command (STRATCOM)

Weapons
Military Bookmarks and Links (Project on Defense Alternatives)
Center for Strategic & Bugetary Assessments
Defense-Aerospace.com
Global Security
International Relations and Security Network
United States Weapons Systems (FAS)
Space Policy Project
Atomic Archive
Nuclear History at the National Security Archive
Chemical & Biological Weapons Resource Page
Federation of American Scientists (FAS)
Anthrax and Bioterrorism Webliography
MEDLINEplus Health Information: Biodefense and Bioterrorism
Anthrax

Government: Legislature
Federal Legislature
Congress
Congressional Directory
Internet Sites of the State Legislatures
U.S. Budget
U.S. House of Representatives
U.S. Senate

Politics
C-SPAN
C-Span: Congress Today
CNN Time: AllPolitics
International Resource Center for Democracy (IRDC)
Los Angeles Times: Politics & Government
Open Secrets
Political Science Internet Resources
Polotics.com
Politics 1
Political Information
Slate
Vote
Washingtonpost.com: Politics
World Affairs Council

Foreign Policy Think Tanks & Institutions
American Enterprise Institute
Atlantic Council
British American Security Information Council
Brookings Institution
Carnegie Endowment
Cato Institute
Council On Foreign Relations
Foreign Policy Institute (Johns Hopkins SAIS)
Foreign Policy in Focus
Heritage Foundation
Hoover Institution
Rand
Woodrow Wilson Center
World Policy Institute
Think Tanks

International Relations
Arms Control and Disarmament Agency
The Center for Strategic & International Studies.
Europa
Federation of American Scientists
Foreign Affairs
Foreign Relations Committee (Senate)
International Relations Committee (House of Representatives)
International Republican Institute
Stimson Center
National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
The National Security Archive
U.S. Department of State

Foreign Governments
Governments on the WWW
Foreign Government Resources on the Web
Foreign Government Resources on the Internet (UC Berkeley Library)
Governments on the WWW: Representations in Foreign Countries
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments
United Nations

International Law
International law: an overview (Cornell Law School)
Documents in Law, History and Diplomacy (Yale Law School)
Foreign and International Law (Washlaw)
Hieros Gamos - Law and Legal Research Center
Multilaterals Project (Tufts University)
International Law (UN)

International Organizations
European Union
ILO
IMF
NATO
OECD
UN
WHO
World Bank
World Trade Organization
International Organizations (UC Berkeley)
International Governmental Organizations (Northwestern University)

Intelligence Agencies
AJAX U.S. & International Government Military, Intelligence & Law Enforcement Agency Access -Comprehensive links to U.S. establishments and international military, police and intelligence community.
Intelligence Resource Program (FAS)
World Intelligence and Security Agencies (FAS)
The U.S. Intelligence Community
Director of National Intelligence
CIA Home Page
CIA/EDRC: Popular Documents Collection -Bay of Pigs, UFO, USSR declassified documents and more.
Britain's Security Services
MI6: Secret Intelligence Service
Strategic Intelligence (Directory of Sites)
Virtual World of Intelligence
Stratfor.com (Private Intelligence Company)

Grammar
Guide to Grammar & Writing
Guide to Grammar and Style
Common Errors in English
11 Rules of Grammar
Blue Book of Grammar and Punctuation
Cliche Finder
ClichéSite.com

Writing & Style
Nuts and Bolts Guide to College Writing
American Heritage Book of English Usage
RhymeZone
The Elements of Style

Quotations
Bartlett's Familiar Quotations
Quoteland.com

Speech
Speech (UCCS Links)
Speech & Transcript Center
Presentation Tips
Public Speaking & Speech Writing
Public Speaking Website

Health
American Medical Association
Americanheart.org
American Hospital Directory
BBC Online: health and fitness
CancerNet
Combined Health Information Database, The
Complete Home Medical Guide (Columbia University)
Drugstore.com
Learn CPR
Medspeak (Dictionary of Medical Terms)
Department of Health and Human Services
Doctorline
Healthfinder
Internet Health Resources
Intelihealth
Internet Mental Health
Library for the Health Sciences (University of Iowa)
Mayo Clinic
Medicine - WWW Virtual Library
Medlineplus (National Library of Medicine)
Medscape
National Library of Medicine
Office of Dietary Supplements
Pharmacy - WWW Virtual Library
Virtual Hospital
WebMD
World Health News (Harvard University)

Law
American Bar Association (ABA)
ABA Legal Technology Resource Center
Catalaw
Cornell Legal Research Encyclopedia (Cornell Law Library)
Dmoz - Government: Law
Federal Rules of Civil Procedure
Findlaw
Index for U.S. Legal Research
Legal Information Institute (Cornell's Law School)
NOLO Law for All
United State Code
Uniform Commercial Code
US Department of Justice
Supreme Court of the United States (Official Site)
United States Supreme Court Collection (LII)
West's Legal Directory

Languages
Foreign Language Resources on the Web
French Language Resources (Electronic Text Center)
iLoveLanguages
Language Links
Language Resources SearchLanguage.Com
Applied Linguistics
University of Cambridge Language Center
University of Oxford Language Center
Yamada Language Center : Language Guides

Languages: Online Tanslation
Altavista
FreeTranslation
SYSTRAN
Travelang
Online Language Dictionaries and Translators

Libraries
Library Spot
Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE -Excellent general resource.
Bibliothèque nationale de France
Boston Public Library
British Library
Columbia University Libraries
ECLAS: The European Commission Library Catalog
Internet Public Library
Libdex - Index to 17,000 Libraries
Library of Congress
Library of Congress catalog
Library of Congress - Digital Library Resources
MIT Libraries
National Library Catalogues Worldwide
New York Public Library
Stanford University Library
Virtual Library

Phone Numbers and Addresses
411.com
555-1212.com
All Nations Expatriates Telephone Search Engine
ATT City & Country Codes
Area Codes (NAPA)
AnyWho
800 Directory
BellSouth Real Pages
Big Book
Big Yellow
BT PhoneNetUK
France Telecom Directories (Les Pages Jaunes)
InfoSpace
International Directories (Teldir)
Internet 800 Search
Reverse Phone Directory
Switchboard
WhitePages.com
Yellow Pages
WhoWhere?
People Search (Yahoo)

Mail & Shipping
DHL
Emery
Fedex
Stamps.com
United States Postal Service
UPS

Postal Information
Canada Post
German Zip Codes
Postal Service Finder
Pro-Zipcode!
Royal Mail
United Kingdom Postcode Searches
Domestic Calculator (USPS)
US Postal Service Zip +4 Lookup
Zip Code Finder

Science & Technology

Scientific Reference
Physical Constants and Astronomical Data
Biology Reference
Bio Sciences (Virtual Library)
ChemFinder
Dictionary of Units
Engineering Reference Guide
eFunda Reference for Engineers
International System of Units
Nobel Prize Internet Archive
Physics and Astronomy (Rutgers)
Physics and Astronomy Reference
Physics and Science Reference by PhysLINK.com
NSSN: A National Resource for Global Standards
SciCentral
Science Links (Stanford Library)
WebElements
World Standards Services Network

Mathematics Reference
Mathematics WWW Virtual Library
The Mathematical Atlas: A Gateway to Modern Mathematics
Mathematics Web Sites Around the World
Math on the Web (American Mathematical Society)
The Math Forum (Internet Mathematics)
MathGuide
Guide to Available Mathematical Software
Cornell University Library Math Book Collection
Math Search
Math and Related Links
Webmath

Computers

Dictionaries & Glossaries
Babel: A Glossary of Computer Oriented Abbreviations and Acronyms
Dictionary of PC Hardware and Data Communications Terms
Free On-Line Dictionary of Computing (FOLDOC)
Whatis.com

Resources
Annoyances.org-Annoyances.org is the most complete collection of information assembled for and by actual users of Microsoft Windows.
CNET
Computer Science (University of Albany)
Computing WWW Virtual Library
ExpertLive (Computer help)
PC Lube and Tune-This is a great source for the beginner.
Microsoft Support
Microsoft Knowledge Base
Microsoft Security
Regedit (The Windows Registry Guide)
Tech Encyclopedia
Virtual Computer Library
The Virtual Museum of Computing
Windows (DMOZ)
ZDNet

Computer: Shopping
CNET Shopper.com -Comprehensive listing & Reviews of Hardware & Software.
ComputerShopper (ZDNet)-Offers reviews and prices.
Dave's Guide to Buying a Home Computer -Excellent resource.
800.cm
CDW
My Simon

Internet
Argus Clearinghouse for Subject-Oriented Internet Resource Guides
BBCi help
BBCi Glossary
BBCi WebWise
Glossary of Internet Terms
Internet and Web Glossary -Excellent Glossary
Internet 101-Excellent source for the novice.
The Internet Public Library - Reference Center - Computers & Internet
Internet Country Codes
List of ISPs
The WorldWideWeb Acronym and Abbreviation Server
Glossary of Internet Abbreviations
Internet Guide
Internet Society
Learn The Net
Slashdot-News for the nerds, stuff that matters
Starting Points for Exploring the Internet
TOPICA (Email Newsletters)
Netiquette
NetLingo: The Internet Language Dictionary
Net 4 Nowt
Network Solutions (Domain Registration)
Register.com (Domain Registration & Search)
Tile.Net/FTP: The Reference to Anonymous FTP Sites
Scumware.com (Software)
Usenet FAQs
Google Groups (Usenet Discussion)
W3history
Web-related reference materials from WebReference.com
Websense Company Locator
World Wide Web Home (CERN)

Search
Comparison Among Internet Search Engines
Search Engine Showdown
Search Engine Watch
Search Engine Guide

General Search Engines
AllTheWeb
AltaVista
Ask Jeeves
AOL
Bing
CNET
Excite
Fast Search (AllTheWeb)
Go.com
Google
HotBot
iLOR
iWon
Jayde
Lycos
Open Driectory Project (DMOZ)
ProFusion
Proteus
Rocket News
Wayback Machine
WebCrawler
Yahoo

International Search Engines
DeepIndex
France Moteur
Kartoo
Nomade (France)
Swiss Search Engine
Swiss Guide
The Engine Rooms (UK)
Web.De
Voila (France)

Search Directories
AllSearchEngines
Country Search Engines-Links to search resources based on geography.
Internet Quick Reference: Searching the Web
W3 Search Engines (Over 100 Search Engines)

Meta Search Engines
Bytedog
Debriefing
Dogpile
Ixquick
Mama
MetaEureka,
Metacrawler
Search Bug
Search the Links
Vivísimo

Specialized Search
ArchiePlex (FTP Search)
IMDB (Movies)
Rocketinfo (News)
Topica (Internet Mailing Lists)
DMOZ Specialized Search Index
Searchmil.com (Military Computers)
Virtual Search Engines - 1,000 Specialized Search Engines

Image Search Engines
Corbis
Ditto
Google
Picsearch
Proteus
TinEye
Yahoo! Image Search

Reference & Subject Directories
About.com
Archaeolink.com
Awesome Library
Best Information on the Internet
Bulblink (Social Sciences)
Cyberstacks
Digital Librarian
Electronic Reference Shelf (Butler Library - Columbia University)
DMOZ
The Internet Public Library
Librarians' Index to the Internet (Berkeley)
Martindale's The Reference Desk
Megasources: Information for Journalists and Researchers
NY Times Navigator
Regard (Social Science Research)
Social Sciences Resources
Reference Works
Refdesk.com
RefTools
Search Systems (searchable public record databases)
Social Science Virtual Library
Spire Project, The
THOR: The Virtual Reference Desk (Purdue University Libraries)
Virtual LRC
Virtual Library
Virtual Reference Desk

Sports
BBC Sports
BBC Football
Ballparks
Baseball Links
Daily Soccer
CBS Sportline
CNNSI
ESPN
International Olympic Committee
Ski Central
SIRC (A World of Sports Information)
SoccerAge
Tennis Magazine Online
Tennis Server
World Sports
Yahoo! (Sports News)
More...

Statistics
City Population
Global Statistics
Guinness World Records
How Much Information?
Statistical Resources on the Web
World Popclock

Traffic
AccuTraffic
GeoTraffic.com
USA Today Weather - Highway Forecasts

Travel
Travel Guide

Weather
Accuweather
Aviation Weather Center
BBC Weather Centre
CNN Weather
Earth Watch
Intellicast
Met Office (UK)
Meteorology Guide
National Weather Service
National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
National Climate Data Center (NCDC)
National Hurricane Center/Tropical Prediction Center
NWS Hurricane Watch Office
NWS Internet Weather
Snow-Forecast.com
USA Today: Weather
Weather Channel, The
Washington Post Weather
Yahoo Weather
More...

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