Iran Reference

Defence | Government Sites | News & Media | Business & Economy | Government Reports | UN Reports | Country Profiles | Demography | Statistics | Encyclopedia & General Reference | Libraries | Human Rights | Political Sites | Regions | Neighbors | Education | Language | Literature & Poetry | Arts & Culture | Cultural Info | Calendar | Maps | History | Useful Info | Travel | Weather

Flag of Islamic Republic of Iran

Reference Library
Iran Map - 2001 (CIA)

Government & Law
Constitution (ICL-English)-Adopted in 1979 and amended in 1989.
National Anthem (Soroud)
Iran: Flag-National flags and ensigns currently in use.
Iran: Flag-Historical, local and political Flags of Iran.
Country Briefing: Iran (Economist)-The most comprehensive country report on Iran available online. Provides an in-depth country profile, recent economist articles, news, and currencies exchange information. Access to some sections is available by subscription.
Iran: The Economist Intelligence Unit--Access to information is available by subscription.
State Structure: Leadership | Judiciary | Executive | Legislative
Who's Who (BBC)-Brief biography of key players in the fierce battle for power.
Iran: Who Holds the Power (BBC)-Learn about how Iran's complex political system works and who really wields the power.
Leaders of Iran-Heads of state, leaders, prime ministers, foreign ministers and parliament speakers listed chronologically.
Iran: World Statesmen-Provides a detailed list of rulers and heads of government. Also includes anthems, maps, flags and chronologies.
Official Profile (UN)-A comprehensive country profile that focuses on Iran's history, culture, economy, society and government.
Iran Intelligence Agencies (Global Security)-Describes the various intelligence agencies.
Iran Law-Comprehensive collection of laws, agreements & treaties, and legal material pertaining to Iranian law.

Milad Tower, Tehran - ISNA

Iran Military Guide (Global Security)
Iran's Special Weapon Guide (Global Security)
Iran Defence | News
Center for nonproliferation Studies: Iran
Iran Nuclear Resources

Important Government Sites
Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei (Chief of State)-The official site provides profile of the leader, decrees, speeches, audio/video and much more. | Qom Office
President Hassan Rouhani - Dr. (Head of Government)-Features biographies of the President and members of the cabinet. | Presidential Research Center & Documents
Majlis (Parliament)-Download and install Persian font.
Iran's Foreign Ministry-Information about Iran's foreign policy, organizational chart and Iranian missions.
Department for Research and Education (Ministry of Foreign Affairs)-Established in 1989, focuses on educational, research and cultural programs at the foreign ministry.
Institute for Political and International Studies (IPIS)-The think tank of the Foreign Ministry.
Chamber of Commerce-Provides trade information and links.
Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade-Economic news and information in English & Persian.
Ministry of Energy (Water and Power)
Ministry of Petroleum

Embassies and Missions
Interest Section of Iran Washington D.C.-Passport affairs, vital records, student affairs, social affairs, and visa information.
Permanent Mission of Iran to the United Nations-Provides a selection of press releases, statements and official UN documents.

Official News
IRNA (Official News Agency)

Media in English-News services, dailies and periodicals about Iran in English.
Daily Papers (English/Persian)
Iranian Media
Headlines | Newsfeed
Press Law-Ratified on March 19, 1986.
Association of Iranian Journalists
Iran - CPJ
How the Press is Controlled (CPJ)
The press in Iran (BBC)
The Media Landscape in Iran
Association of Iranian Journalists
Center for Media Studies & Research
Iran Reporters sans frontières
The Complex World of Iranian News (OJR)
Guide to Online News in Iran (OJR)
Internet Censorship in Iran: A First Look (PDF)
Internet Filtering in Iran in 2004-2005: A Country Study

Web Broadcasts
TV & Radio

Business & Economy
World Bank Group: Iran-A wealth of economic information about Iran.
Country at-a-Glance - World BankBushehr Nuclear Plant - ISNA
Ease of Doing Business in Iran, Islamic Rep. (World Bank)
World Bank Operations in Iran
Country Brief (World Bank-Pdf)
Iran and the IMF-International Monetary Funds current report on Iran.
Economist: Iran
Iran: The Economist Intelligence Unit-Access to information is available by subscription.
Economy - overview (CIA)
Economic Trends (Central Bank of Iran)-Key economic ratios and long-term trends.
Iran: International Finance Corporation
Risks in business dealings with Iran (FINMA)
Iran Economy
Iran's Economy-Report by the Department of Energy-Focuses on Oil & Gas and economic news.
IEA - Iran-Provides country profile, statistics, graphs and Publications and Papers (IEA).
UNdata | country profile | Iran (Islamic Republic of
Iran Facts & Figures (OPEC)
Embargoes and sanctions on Iran

U.S. Government Reports
Iran: CIA Fact Book-An overview of Iran's history, government, geography, economy and society.
Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Iran-CIA-Updated regularly.
Iran: Country Inforamation (U.S. Department of State)
Iran: Country Background Notes (U.S. Department of State)-An overview of Iran's history, geography, government, economy, people, society, foreign relations and U.S.-Iran relations.
US-Iran Relations (U.S. Department of State)
Iran: US Concerns and Policy Responses - CRS | CRS Reports
USINFO: MENA-Latest news on Middle East and North Africa.
Iran Documentation Project (National Security Archives)-Features declassified documents on Iran.
Iran Consular Information-et (U.S. State Department)-Travel advice for U.S. Citizens traveling to Iran.
Iran - International Parental Child Abduction (U.S. State Department)-Provides information, legal remedies and preventive advice.
Intercountry Adoption: Iran-Provides informaton on adoption and sponsorship of Iranian children.
U.S. Trade Balance with Iran-by U.S. Census Bureau.
Iran Sanctions (U.S. Treasury)
An overview of the Foreign Assets Control Regulations relating to Iran -By U.S. Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control.
Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (U.S.)
Iran's Economy-Report by the Department of Energy-Focuses on Oil & Gas and economic news.
EIA Country Analysis Brief (Full Report)-Provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analysis.
Middle East & North Africa (DOE)-Provides news and Statistics.

Government Reports
Iran: Country Information (Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade)
Iran: Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada)
Iran: MFA People's Republic of China
China-Iran Relations (Chinese Embassy Iran)
Iran: Country Files (Le Ministère des Affaires étrangères -France)
Iran: Country and Travel Information (Auswärtiges Amt - Bundesrepublik Deutschland)
EU's Relations with Iran (European Union) | Bilateral trade relations
Greece and Iran Bilateral Relations (Hellenic Republic - Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
India-Iran Relations (Ministry of External Affairs of India)
Japan - Iran Relations (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan)
Italy-Iran Relations
Iran: New Zealand: Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Pakistan - Iran Relations (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Pakistan)
Russo-Iranian Relations
Iran - Profile of Bilateral Relations (Department of Foreign Affairs - South Africa)
Bilateral relations between Switzerland and Iran
Turkey's relations with Iran (MFA Turkey)
Iran: Country Information (Foreign & Commonwealth Office - UK)
Foreigns Affairs Committee Report on Iran - March 2004 (UK House of Commons) | Archive pdf
Iran Country Report, October 2005 (UK Home Office)
Country Assessment - Iran November 2011 (UK Home Office)

UN Reports
Iran: Country at a Glance
Profile (FAO)
Iran: Factsheet (UNCTAD)
Iran: General Statistics (UNESCO)
Country Report on Infrastructure Development, 2001 (UNESCAP)
Iran Environmental Profile (UNEP)
Iran: UN Island Directory
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Iran Fact Sheet (UNHCR}
UN High Commissioner on Refugees (UNHCR)
Iran: Refworld (UNHCR)
Industrial Profile (UNIDO)
Iran: UNDP
Human Development Index (UNDP) | Factsheet
Iran (Islamic Republic of) Country Profile: Human Development Indicators (UNDP)
Human Development Reports
UN Mine Action
Country Background (UN Reliefweb)
Iran Environmental Sanpshot (UNSTATS)
National Accounts - Iran (UNSTATS)
Sustainable Development (UN)
Space Activities of Iran (OOSA)
Iran: World Health Organisation (WHO)
World Hunger (UN WFP)
United Nations Information Center-Tehran

Membership in International Organizations
Western Asia - USGS

Thematic Maps
Industry and Mining-1978 (CIA/UT Scan)
Light Industry and Agriculture-1973 (CIA/UT Scan)
Major Crops-1973 (CIA/UT Scan)
Major Iranian Oilfields- 1978 (CIA/UT Scan)
Mining and Heavy Industry- 1973 (CIA/UT Scan)
Iran Maps (MESH)
Atlas d'Iran (En/FR)
Atlas d'Iran: Contents

Country Profiles
Iran country profile (LOC)
Iran: A Country Study-U.S. Library of Congress-Comprehensive report on Iran's history, economy, culture and recent political events.
Iran: Library of Congress-Selected Internet resources by African and Middle Eastern Division.
Iran: Law Library of Congress-Highlights the constitution, executive, legislative and judicial power structures, the Parliament and online resources.
Country profile: Iran (BBC)
Iran in facts and figures (BBC)-Provides a general overview.
Iran: Country Watch
Iran Data Portal (Syracuse University)
Iran: Development Gateway Project (MIT)
Iran: Eldis Country Profiles-Provides sector reports.
Iran: GlobalEdge
Iran: Gulf/2000 Project-Comprehensive resources on Iran.
Iran: International Crisis Group (ICG)
Iran: Encyclopédie de L'Agora
Iran: Middle East Institute
Iran: Gallup
Iran: Emerging from Conflict (The Stanley Foundation)
IranL Freedom House
Iran: IFEX
Iran: Clio
Iran: La ville de Québec
Iran: Nationmaster
Iran: Spiegel Online
Iran: ICM Country Profile (NOAA)
Iran: Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF)
Iran: Transparency International
Iran: Country Data (CDC)
Iran: Colgate University Libraries
Iran: University of Louisville Library
Iran: The Washington Institute
Iran: Wikipedia
Iran: World Audit
Iran: World Wide Gazeteer
Iran: World InfoZone

Human geography (Iranica)
Iran Population
Population Forecast for Iran
Iran: Migration
Iranian Diaspora

Statistical Center of Iran (SCI)-Provides official statistics data on population, agriculture, manufacturing, household budget, trade and economy of Iran.
Statistical Research Center-An affiliate of the Statistical Center of Iran.
Country Information for Iran-by Statistical Economic and Social Research and Training Center for Islamic Countries (SESRTCIC).
Iran: Statistics (SESRTCIC)-Compiled from national statistical publications and international statistical sources.
Iran - Statistical Appendix (IMF)
Iran: Demographic Characteristics (UNESCO)
Iran: Population Reference Bureau
UNICEF Statistics for Iran
Environment Statistics (UNSTATS)
International Data Base (IDB)
Data & Statistics - World Bank

Bibliographia Iranica-by Prof. Houchang E. Chehabi

Encyclopedia & General Reference
Britannica (Iran)
Britannica (Persia)
Encyclopaedia Iranica
The Concise Encyclopedia of Iran (Persian)
Encyclopaedia of the Orient
Iran: Virtual Library
Iran: Wikipedia

National Library and Archives of Iran
Library for Political and International Studies of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (LPIS)
The Database for Iranian Libraries

Democracy Resources

Human Rights
Amnesty International Latest News on Iran
Amnesty International Report - Iran
HRW: Iran
United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights: Iran
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2016
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2015
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2014
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2013
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2016
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2015
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2014
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2014
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2013
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2012
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2011
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2011
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2010
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2009
Department of State, Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2008
Department of State, International Religious Freedom Report for 2012
Iran: U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom
Voices in Iran Struggling to Be Heard (PDF) - Department of State (April 9, 2004)

Political Sites
Inside Iran - Leftist - Monarchist - Nationalist - Neo-Conservative/Democracy Groups - Republican - Secular - Student Movemants

Political Personalities

Middle East - Persian Gulf - Caspian Sea

Iran's Neighbors
Afghanistan - Armenia - Azerbaijan - Iraq - Pakistan - Turkmenistan - Turkey

Regional Allies
Lebanon | Lebanese Hezbollah
Russian Federation

Arts & Culture
Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization-Covers historical buildings, archaeology and museums.
Iran Academy of the ArtsPersian Carpet
Tavoos Magazine-Art News
Farschian Org-Paintings by internationally renowned artist Mahmoud Farschian.
Golestan Palace-Features history, virtual tours and much more.
Imperial Jewels of Iran-Features the crown jewels that were used by in Coronations and other formal events. | II
Iran Heritage Foundation-Information on Nowruz and Yalda festivals.
Isfahan-Virtual tour of Isfahan's Architecture.
Niavaran Palace-Virtual tour of Niavaran palace and much more.
Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art-Contains masterpieces of modern art. Find out about its permanent collection, upcoming events and art exhibitions.

Cultural Information
Avesta Org Resources-A wealth of information about ancient Iranian customs and festivals.
Avesta names
Names-Persian baby names and their meanings.
Culture of Iran

Persian Calendar
Khayam Persian Calendar Program
The Precise Iranian Calendar

Iran Map (GSI)
National Geographic - Political Satellite map of Iran, 2002
Omni Map
3D Iran Google Earth MapIran location in the Middle East - CIA
United Nations Map
Maps of Ancient Iran (Princeton)
The Persian Empire - 1729 (Yale)
Iran Maps (FAO)
Iran Atlas
Interactive Iran Map
Iran Provinces List
Iran Maps (USGS)
Map showing oil and gas fields and geologic provinces of Iran (USGS)
Iran Geologic Map (USGS)
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection: Iran Maps (UT)
ShadedRelief Map (UT)
People (UT)
Persian Gulf Region (CIA/UT Scan)
Strait of Hormuz (CIA/UT Scan)
Caspian Sea Region North (UT)
Caspian Sea Region South (UT)
Portions of "Oil and Gas Infrastructure in the Caspian Sea Region - March 2001 (UT)
Major Oil Fields
World Energy Geology: Iran (USGS)


Achaemenid Golden Lion

Ancient Persia-General Information on the Persian Empire
Chronology of Iranian History I
Chronology of Iranian History II
Timeline of Iranian History
The Parthian Empire
The Circle of Ancient Iranian Studies (University of London)
Persia: Ancient History Source Book
Ancient Iran: The Louvre collection
History of Iran

Recent History
Iran profile - Timeline
History of Iran: From Persia to present (CBC)
1951 Man of the Year: Mohammed Mossadegh (Time Magazine)
The Secret CIA History of the Iran Coup, 1953 (National Security Archives)-200-page document written in March 1954 by Dr. Donald Wilber, one of the operation?s chief planners.
NY Times Special Report of CIA in Iran-The CIA history of operation TPAJAX disclosed by James Risen.
Iran was our puppet state (The Guardian)
MI6: Fifty Years of Special Operations (The Guardian)
Time: Iran-Features recent news stories and analysis.
The Story of the Revolution (BBC)-Four part report in English and Persian.
Timeline: British-Iranian relations (The Guardian)
Timeline: UK-Iran relations (BBC)
Iran's love-hate relationship with the UK (BBC)
Timeline: Iran (BBC)
Iran's century of upheaval - Timeline & Audio Reports (BBC)
Imam Khomeini Org-Features his works, biography, poetry, photo/film and more.
Iran Oral History Project (Harvard)-Project focuses on the contemporary political history of Iran.
Iran-United States Claims Tribunal
Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988) - FAS
Elections in Iran (Electionworld Org)
Iran Electoral Archive
Frontline: Terror and Tehran (PBS)
A guide to understanding Iran and the War on Terrorism (Washington Post)
God's rule, or man's? (The Economist)
Frontline: Forbidden Iran
Frontline: Iran - Going Nuclear
The extraordinary revival of the Islamic Republic (The Economist)
Inside Iran (BBC)
Showdown with Iran (Front Line)

Educational System
Iranian Universities

Persian alphabet, pronunciation and language
Persian Profile
Languages of Iran (Ethnologue)-Complete list of all languages spoken in Iran.
Lexicon of Iranian Languages (LIL)
Dictionary (FarsiDisk)-Online English/Persian dictionary.
Persian Resources-Persian fonts, online dictionaries, calendar, Online Courses & Resources, etc..

Literature & Poetry
Persian Literature (Britanica)
Forugh Farrokhzad (Official Site)
Sadegh Hedayat (Official Site) | A Tribute to Sadeq Hedayat
Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam
The Shahnameh Project (Princeton)

Ethno-Religious Mix

Google in Farsi
Search Engines

Useful Information
Iran National Portal-Provides information on history, culture, statistics about Iran.
International City Codes for calling Iran
Current Local Time in Tehran
Emergency Telephone Numbers
Exchange Rate & Gold Prices-Market exchange rates inside Iran.
Market exchange rates (CBIRI)
Foreign Embassies in Tehran
Business Hours in Tehran
Bank Holidays (CBIRI)
Official Holidays in Iran
Tehran Information
Tehran Map (Interactive)
Telephone Numbers for Government Ministries (U.S)
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)
U.S. Department of State (Travel Services)
U.S. Department of States (Visa Services)

Civil Aviation Organization-Provides information on airports, airlines and travel industry. Includes aviation news and timetables.
Iran Air-Provides route map, schedule, reservation and travel information.
Iran Air Timetable
Tourism Industry Association of Iran (Irpedia)-Provides information on tourist attractions, agencies, accommodation and transportation.
Lufthansa: Iran
Destination Iran (Lonely Planet)-Very comprehensive travel guide.
Middle East Traveler's Health Information (U.S.)-Discusses preventive measures, recommended vaccines, precautions and much more.
Travel Tips-FCO (U.K. Government)-DOS & DON'TS from the Foreign and Commonwealth Office.
U.S. State Department Advice-Travel warnings, risks, and other useful travel tips for Americans and dual nationals from the Department of State.
Virtual Tourist: Iran-Comprehensive guide covers all essential topics such as an overview, passport/visa, health, duty free, accommodation, sports, business and much more.

Accuweather: Iran
Current weather conditions - Tehran (BBC Weather)
The Climate of Iran
Current Weather Conditions for Iran (National Weather Service)
Iran Meteorological Organization
Weather Underground: Iran (70 cities)
Tehran (
Current Weather & Seismicity

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